COPD: practical aspects of case finding, monitoring and diagnosing Does my patient possess chronic obstructive pulmonary disease , and does it matter? Analysis of COPD is often delayed and a high proportion of cases in primary care are unrecognised doctor . COPD is often misdiagnosed in primary treatment, probably due to not really using spirometry for diagnosis. Screening systematically or opportunistically with questionnaires can be used to case-find generally practice. Expiratory flow devices are used to determine the necessity for diagnostic testing. Spirometry is vital to diagnose COPD. COPD is present if the post-bronchodilator FEV1/FVC ratio is normally below 0.7 and FEV1 is significantly less than 80 percent predicted.
COPE ethical guidelines provide basic principles for peer review process Scholarly journals must ensure that their peer reviewers act constructively, respect confidentiality and prevent conflicts of interests, according to new guidelines launched simply by the Committee in Publication Ethics The COPE Ethical Guidelines for Peer Reviewers set out the basic principles and standards that reviewers should follow through the peer review process. ‘Peer review plays a significant role in ensuring the integrity of the scholarly record’ stresses Dr Irene Hames, who coordinated the rules for COPE. ‘The procedure depends to a large degree on trust and requires that everyone included behaves responsibly and ethically. Peer reviewers perform a central and crucial part for the reason that process.